25. Sep 2023

Terrazzo: Interesting information about the mineral floor covering

In this article, you will discover fascinating information about Terrazzo, the timeless and contemporary flooring option. Get informed now!

Terrazzo, a timeless and versatile floor covering, has experienced an impressive resurgence in recent years. Originally developed in Italy, Terrazzo has become synonymous with elegance and durability in residential and commercial properties worldwide. This distinctive flooring stands out for its strong structure and appealing design, evoking the beauty of natural landscapes.

Traditional terrazzo floors are a combination of embedded pebbles and a binder. They are typically poured on site, resulting in a seamless and jointless surface. This seamless feature not only enhances a uniform and clean appearance but also facilitates easy cleaning and maintenance.

In this article, you will discover valuable information about the modern floor covering. You will gain insights into its origins and the wide range of design options available to you today.

The history of Terrazzo

Terrazzo, an art form and craftsmanship that has been refined over the centuries, has a rich and fascinating history. It originated as a cost-effective method for reusing marble remnants and has since revolutionized the way we design and decorate floors.

Origins and Development

The origin of Terrazzo can be traced back to ancient Egypt and Rome, but it was 15th century Venice that truly shaped Terrazzo into what it is today

Venetian craftsmen started embedding scraps of expensive marble into clay to create cost-effective yet visually appealing floors for their terraces. This is also where the name “Terrazzo” originates from, as it translates to “terrace” in Italian.

Over the years, technological advancements and innovations have refined the production of Terrazzo and broadened its range of applications. Today, Terrazzo is a preferred choice among architects and designers worldwide, who value its charm and versatility.

Terrazzo in modern architecture

Terrazzo has established a strong presence in modern architecture. Its distinctive patterns can be found everywhere, from public buildings and office complexes to residential properties

Terrazzo is admired not only for its appealing aesthetics but also for its long-lasting durability and easy maintenance.

Terrazzo in der modernen Architektur

At IBOD, you can have your personalized terrazzo created. The mineral doppo Ambiente cast terrazzo from IBOD is available in various variations and designs. This seamless floor covering is highly durable, resistant to moisture, and low in emissions

Therefore, the Terrazzo floor finds a wide range of applications, including in representative areas, public facilities, exhibition spaces, schools, museums, food markets, reception halls, and private living areas, particularly in kitchens, living rooms, and anywhere with high activity.

The manufacturing of terrazzo floors

Terrazzo is more than just a floor covering. When it comes to the production of Terrazzo, meticulousness, precision, and knowledge of materials are crucial in order to achieve an appealing and long-lasting final product. During the process, the Terrazzo is mixed on-site and poured onto the prepared surface.

Basic Materials and Components

Terrazzo typically consists of three main components: marble aggregate, binder, and additional additives. The aggregate is typically made of marble, granite, quartz, or glass, which gives terrazzo its distinctive appearance

The binder, typically cement or resin-based, binds the grains together and forms the foundation of the terrazzo

At IBOD, the selection of color, marble granules, and glass granules can be customized according to individual preferences and customer requirements. This allows the floor to be tailored to suit each customer’s unique taste and needs.

The production of cast terrazzo

The production of terrazzo requires a high degree of expertise and craftsmanship. Traditionally, terrazzo is poured on-site – known as cast terrazzo. The mixture of marble and the desired (inorganic) color powder is mixed with the binder and then applied to the prepared surface. Afterwards, the cast terrazzo is smoothed using a squeegee and further compacted and ventilated by swirling it with a swirling bar. Approximately 24 hours after installation, the terrazzo is then ground two to three times and the pores are “massaged in” using a single-disc machine and a pore filler. To achieve a glossy and seamless surface, polish is applied after the final polish. This process results in a protected, seamless, and shiny cast terrazzo.

The manufacturing of terrazzo tiles

The manufacturing of terrazzo panels follows a similar process, but the panels are produced in a factory and then installed on site. This process is typically carried out by a tiler at the construction site. Various materials like quartz sand, sand, or rock powder are suitable for filling the joints. Terrazzo panels can be found in outdoor areas as well as in all indoor spaces.

Uses of Terrazzo

Terrazzo is an incredibly versatile floor covering that can be used in a wide range of environments. Its wear-resistant surface makes it ideal for both residential and commercial areas that experience high foot traffic. Whether it’s in homes, commercial buildings, or outdoor spaces, Terrazzo offers a durable and visually appealing flooring solution.

In residential areas, Terrazzo is an excellent choice for kitchens, bathrooms, living rooms, and hallways. It is highly resistant to moisture and dirt, making it well-suited for areas that experience light to heavy foot traffic. And the best part is, Terrazzo is forgiving of everyday mishaps 😉

Terrazzo is also a popular choice for commercial spaces such as offices, restaurants, and shopping centers. Its durability and easy maintenance make it a cost-effective option for high-traffic areas. With its customizable design, Terrazzo offers ample space for optimal product presentation and creates a calm and open ambiance in office settings.

IBOD offers a wide range of Terrazzo solutions that are suitable for all types of applications, ranging from small residential projects to large commercial areas.

Terrazzo im Kaufhaus Tyrol

Maintenance and Care of Terrazzo

A well-maintained terrazzo floor can last a lifetime, preserving its unique appearance. However, it is essential to provide proper care and maintenance for it to remain in its best condition.

Terrazzo is indeed easy to maintain – it should be regularly cleaned with a soft mop and a pH-neutral cleaner. For larger areas, it is recommended to use professional cleaning machines. However, it is important to avoid using harsh cleaning agents that could cause damage to the surface. In the case of heavy soiling or stubborn stains, it may be necessary to seek professional cleaning or polishing services.

Terrazzo and underfloor heating

Terrazzo is an excellent choice for rooms with underfloor heating. The material effectively conducts heat and provides consistent heat distribution

Restoration and repair of Terrazzo

Terrazzo is a long-lasting material, but like any flooring, it can experience wear and tear over time. Cracks, scratches, breakages, and stains can typically be professionally repaired to restore the floor to its original state. The renovation or repair of a terrazzo floor can be done by a competent specialist company. You can rely on IBOD’s partner network for this purpose.

Terrazzo compared to other types of flooring

When considering the benefits of Terrazzo, it is important to compare them with other popular flooring options. Here is a brief comparison of Terrazzo with some common alternatives.

PVC floors are a cost-effective and practical choice, but they do not provide the same level of aesthetics or longevity as Terrazzo. While PVC is easy to install and maintain, it can deform under heavy loads and is more susceptible to scratches and wear. Additionally, excessive moisture can increase the risk of the flooring coming loose or becoming warped.

Wood floors offer a warm and inviting atmosphere, but they are susceptible to scratches and require regular maintenance. In contrast, Terrazzo is more resistant to scratches and stains and requires less upkeep.

Gussterrazzo is mixed and poured on site, providing a seamless surface and great design flexibility, but it requires careful installation. Terrazzo tiles, on the other hand, are prefabricated in a factory and then laid like regular tiles, allowing for a faster installation process but resulting in visible joints and less adaptability.

Various Types of Terrazzo

There are numerous types of terrazzo, each with its own unique characteristics and benefits. The selection of the appropriate terrazzo depends on several factors, such as the desired aesthetic, location, and budget considerations.

Limestone and Dolomite Terrazzo

Limestone and dolomite terrazzo are two popular options known for their warm, earthy aesthetic and durability. They provide a natural and inviting atmosphere, making them a great choice for residential areas.

Verona Terrazzo

Verona Terrazzo, named after the Italian city, is renowned for its luxurious and sophisticated appearance. This type of terrazzo incorporates special marble pieces from Verona, which lend it its distinctive vibrant color.

Concrete block and screed Terrazzo

Concrete stone and screed terrazzo are contemporary variations that provide excellent durability and versatility. They are exceptionally well-suited for heavily frequented areas, such as shopping centers or office buildings.

Bitumen-bound terrazzo

Bitumen-bound terrazzo is a specific form of terrazzo flooring where bitumen is used as the binder. Bitumen is a viscous material derived from the distillation of crude oil and is known for its water resistance and durability. This type of flooring is highly resistant to moisture and temperature changes, making it ideal for outdoor areas.

However, the use of bitumen-bound terrazzo is restricted in certain countries due to environmental concerns. Furthermore, the processing of bitumen can present health risks if not performed correctly

Gussterrazzo by IBOD

The doppo Ambiente Gussterrazzo from IBOD is a resilient and long-lasting mineral floor covering with versatile design options. With the incorporation of marble aggregates, colored glass granules, and a variety of color options, it can be customized to suit any design preference

The Terrazzo from Austria is the perfect choice for residential areas, prestigious spaces, public institutions, and living areas. It can also be used to design stair elements and skirtings. Additionally, this flooring is low-emission and non-flammable.

Frequently Asked Questions about Terrazzo Flooring

How long does a terrazzo floor typically last?

A well-maintained terrazzo floor can last a lifetime. However, the durability depends on various factors, including the quality of the material, the handling, and the maintenance.

Is Terrazzo more expensive compared to other types of flooring?

The cost of terrazzo can vary depending on the type of terrazzo used, the complexity of the installation, and other factors. In general, terrazzo may be more expensive than some other options, but its durability and minimal maintenance requirements can make it a cost-effective choice.

Can Terrazzo be used outdoors?

Yes, for example, the previously mentioned bitumen terrazzo. It is resistant to weather influences and can be a long-lasting and visually appealing option for terraces, walkways, and other outdoor areas. Additionally, there are also outdoor flooring options that mimic the look of terrazzo, such as stone carpet.

How should I clean my terrazzo floor?

To clean Terrazzo, it is recommended to use a soft mop and a pH-neutral cleaner on a regular basis. Avoid using harsh cleaning agents that could potentially damage the surface. If there is heavy soiling or stubborn stains, it may be necessary to seek professional cleaning assistance.

What happens if my Terrazzo gets damaged?

If your terrazzo gets damaged, cracks, scratches, breakouts, and stains can usually be professionally repaired. It is important to seek help from a specialist to ensure that the repair is performed correctly and that your terrazzo regains its original beauty.

What other types of seamless floors are available?

There are various types of seamless floors, each with their own advantages and disadvantages. They can be categorized into cast floors and trowel floors. Here are some of the most popular options:

  • Terrazzo
  • mineral floors with a concrete look
  • Epoxy resin floor
  • Polyurethane floor
  • Natural stone spatula
  • Self-leveling screed

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