16. Oct 2023

Which floor coverings are non-combustible?

They are essential for fire safety in buildings. In this article, we will examine floor coverings that are non-flammable. Discover how you can enhance safety in your home or commercial environment by opting for non-flammable flooring.

Welche Bodenbeläge sind nicht brennbar?

Fire protection is a crucial aspect that needs to be considered when designing and furnishing interior spaces. Floor coverings can have a significant influence on the fire safety of a building in this context. A non-flammable floor covering contributes to limiting the extent of fires and preventing the spread of flames

The fire protection classification of building materials and components is regulated by DIN EN 13501 – it serves as the European equivalent to the national classification of building materials according to DIN 4102. The DIN EN 13501 classification categorizes construction products and types of construction into seven European building material classes (Euroclasses): A1, A2, B, C, D, E, and F, based on their fire behavior.

In this article, we examine floor coverings that are classified as non-combustible, making them a valuable contribution to safety and fire protection measures in residential and commercial spaces.

What does “non-flammable” mean?

A floor covering is considered to be non-flammable if it does not ignite flames or contribute to the spread of fire in the event of a fire. Non-flammable materials are not combustible and help minimize the effects of fires. This characteristic is particularly important in spaces where people live or work.

Non-flammable floor coverings

There are various floor coverings that are classified as non-combustible, making them a secure option for residential and commercial areas

Stone floors

Stone floors are an excellent choice for non-flammable flooring. They naturally possess high heat resistance and fire safety. These floor coverings are not only durable and easy to maintain but also offer a wide range of aesthetics that complement various interior design styles.

Hitzebeständigkeit von Steinboden

Ceramic tiles

Ceramic tiles are also classified as non-flammable. Due to their construction using fire-resistant materials such as clay and minerals, they exhibit exceptional heat resistance and provide enhanced fire safety. These tiles are not only strong and long-lasting, but also available in a wide range of colors, patterns, and textures, making them suitable for various rooms in the residential area.

Screed and resin floors

Spachtel and cast floors are an excellent choice for non-flammable floor coverings and a modern and aesthetically pleasing option for residential and commercial spaces. They are known for their durability and longevity and can cater to various design preferences. With a seamless, joint-free surface, they are particularly suitable for minimalist and contemporary interior styles. These floors are resistant to wear and water, making them ideal for use in bathrooms and kitchens (please refer to the technical specifications provided by the manufacturer). Additionally, they are easy to maintain and can contribute to a comfortable indoor environment when paired with underfloor heating.

Hitzebeständigkeit von Gussboden

Tips for selecting non-combustible floor coverings

Here are our four tips for selecting your flooring:

Verify certificates

When searching for floor coverings, it is important to look for those with the appropriate certifications for fire safety and fire resistance to ensure they meet the necessary safety standards. At IBOD, we subject all of our systems to fire protection class testing. The systems “Doppo Ambiente Boden”, “Doppo Ambiente Boden Solido”, and “Doppo Ambiente Gussterrazzo” are awarded the A1fl fire protection class – meaning they are classified as non-flammable. However, it is important to note that the resin-bonded filler “Doppo Ambiente Pro+” and “Doppo Ambiente Pro+ SN” are awarded the Bfl-s1 fire protection class, which means they are classified as flame-retardant. This indicates that these products only contribute minimally to a fire.

Get advice

Get advice from experts like IBOD to find the best options for your needs.

Check durability

Select floor coverings that are not only fire-resistant, but also durable and resistant to wear and tear, in order to ensure a long-lasting solution.

Visuals and design

Non-combustible floor coverings are available in a variety of designs and styles. Select a flooring option that aligns with both your customers’ aesthetic preferences and safety requirements.

FAQs – Which floor coverings are non-flammable?

Embers from the fireplace and a non-flammable floor – is no protection necessary

Non-combustible floor coverings are themselves not combustible. However, embers that land on the floor can cause damage to the floor or its seal. That is why we at IBOD recommend protecting the floor by using a glass plate, slate, or steel sheet to prevent embers from causing any harm

Are ceramic tiles flammable?

No, ceramic tiles are not flammable. They are made of fired clay and are therefore fire resistant.

Do vinyl floors belong to the category of non-combustible floor coverings?

Vinyl floors, also known as PVC floors, contain chlorine and are therefore highly flame-retardant. However, they cannot be classified as “non-flammable”. It is important to note that fires involving PVC produce hazardous gases that should not be inhaled.

Can I classify carpets as non-combustible floor coverings?

No, carpets are generally flammable as they are made of textile materials that can ignite.

Are wooden floors flammable?

Wooden floors are combustible because they are made of organic materials. However, there are specifically treated wooden floors that are highly fire-resistant.

What are the benefits of non-combustible floor coverings?

Non-combustible floor coverings offer enhanced safety in case of a fire. They contribute to slowing down the spread of fire and reducing smoke development. This can be life-saving and minimize damage in the event of a fire.
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